Shenzhen, also referred to as ‘shen’, is one of the four major first-tier cities in China. It is a national centre city and a mega-city.
The Chinese State Council has designated Shenzhen as an international city, a national innovative city, the international high-tech innovation centre, the global ocean centre, an international integrated transport hub and one of the three largest national financial centres in China.
Shenzhen is located in the south of Guangdong province, the east bank of Pearl River Estuary and just across the border from Hong Kong. The city has jurisdiction over 8 administrative regions and 2 new districts with a total area of 1997.27 square kilometres. By the end of 2017, Shenzhen had a permanent resident population of 25 million.
Shenzhen is China’s first special economic zone, and it is the window of China’s reform and opening-up as well as a new immigrant city. Shenzhen has become an influential city in the world having been created at remarkable speed, ‘Shenzhen speed’.
It also enjoys the fame as the City of Design, City of Fashion, City of Creation, City of Volunteers and many other reputations. Shenzhen is also an important border port city with the largest number of entry and exit ports in China.